Types of Wood Joints

When working with wood it is important that you keep the structure as strong as possible.

There are several different types of joints that can be used when building items out of wood and below I have explained when and how to use these different wood joining techniques.

Screw and nail

The simplest way of joining two pieces of wood. This is the easiest and most basic way however there are more technical and tricky ways which can be used in different circumstances.

Butt Joint

This type of joint is as basic as it gets. The butt joint is normally used in conjunction with some sort of fixing like a screw. There is also the mitred butt joint where the ends and meetings of the two pieces of wood are cut at right angles.

Tongue & Groove

One piece of wood has a tongue cut out and fits into the groove of another piece of wood. The tongue will fit exactly into the groove to leave a nice finish.

Dovetail

A classic wood joint. The dovetail is known for its strength. It is created with a series of pins/pegs in one piece of wood that interlock into the opposite pegs of another piece of wood. Commonly used when making drawers.

Box Joint

This is very similar to the dovetail but perhaps easier to create. New wood tuners can practice this method before opting to use the dovetail.

Rebate

Also known as a rabbet. This is where a cut is made into one piece of wood where another piece of wood will sit in neatly. It is also possible to screw into the piece of wood from underneath.

Mortice

A more complicated but decorative wood joint. This method allows for further strength from glue being applied before attaching the two pieces of wood together.